Mustarde flap

Lower eyelid reconstruction with Mustardé flap Plastic

  1. Introduction. Mustardé's cheek rotational flap is a versatile procedure to close large defects of the lower eyelid, eyelid-cheek junction and cheek commonly seen after the removal of cutaneous malignancies. In addition to supplying ample anterior lamella for functional reconstructions, Mustardé's flap can result in a marked cosmetic.
  2. ing proceeds, the extent of which is deter
  3. The Mustardé rotational cheek flap has been used to reconstruct the lower eyelids of 55 patients since 1964. Results and complications were well-documented with preoperative and postoperative photographs, and the patients have been followed from one to 14 years with a mean age follow-up of seven yea
  4. Authors: P. Levan, O. Al Madani M.D Hopital Saint JosephParisThe Mustarde cheek flap is used to reconstruct defects of the anterior lamella of the inferior e..
  5. Large anterior lamellar defects of the lower lid and cheek can be effectively repaired with a Mustarde flap. I think these flaps are easier than they look --..
  6. Marking of flap . The desired site (P 1 ) of the new medial canthus is marked at one-half the distance between the midline and the pupillary center ( Figure 8.2A ). This distance is best measured with the patient looking in the distance without convergence. The mark is made in line with both pupils

The flap is sutured to the lateral tarsal strip to recreate the lateral canthus. Additional sutures are placed laterally and medially. The medial portion of the Mustarde flap is then sutured to the lateral portion of the glabellar flap with 5-0 fast absorbing sutures. This results in repair of the defect with the lower eyelid in good position Mustardé technique. Specialty. Otorhinolaryngology. [ edit on Wikidata] The Mustardé technique is an otoplastic surgery ( otoplasty) for pinning protruding ears. The method belongs together with the Stenström and Converse methods to the traditional otoplasties. It is antihelix plastic surgery performed with the suturing technique Cheek rotation (Mustarde) flap. This narrated video demonstrates a cheek rotation flap for the reconstruction of a large periocular defect. This versatile flap can be used to reconstruct large defects in a wide range of locations in the periocular and upper cheek area 용의자 다운로드. This video explores the technique, the path of the.

Lower Eyelid Reconstruction Treatment & Management

Mustarde cheek rotation flap. Fig. 14. Mustarde cheek rotation flap for large vertical lower lid defect Surgeon - Dr. Rachna Meel MD. This is a very useful flap for reconstructing the anterior lamella in larger vertical defects of lower lid. The flap is marked lateral to the defect extending to the lateral canthal area Sir: We have modified the postauricular fascial flap as described by Horlock et al. when used as an adjunct to Mustardé and Furnas type otoplasty. 1 The benefits of this flap in terms of reduced recurrence and complication rates have been well demonstrated. 2 In the original description, following skin excision limited to the epidermis and dermis only, the postauricular skin is then. The Mustarde flap is indicated for the reconstruction of large (greater than 50 %) full thickness lower eyelid defects. The flap provides a vascularized anterior lamellar flap. It preferred to eyelid sharing techniques for reconstruction of large lower eyelid defects in monocular patients, those with active corneal disease, and in children as. Mustarde Rap Lower Lid Reconstruction after Malignancy o z i= o =:> MICHAEL A. CALLAHAN, MD*, ALSTON CALLAHAN, MD, FACSt a: I­ (f) Z o o l1J a: o Abstract: The Mustarde rotational cheek flap has been used to reconstruct -1 the lower eyel ids of 55 patients since 1964 Purpose: To describe a combinatory technique made of Mustardè cheek advancement flap and paramedian forehead flap as a reconstructive option after orbital exenteration. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent orbital exenteration and subsequent reconstruction with this technique at our Head and Neck Department, Divisions of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, at San.

Mustarde Cheek Rotation Flap for Lower Eyelid Repair

The Hughes procedure, or tarsoconjunctival flap advancement, is a frequently utilized technique to repair full-thickness lower eyelid defects involving > 50% of the lower eyelid margin.[1] The procedure was first presented and popularized by Dr. Wendel Hughes, a pioneer in oculoplastic surgery, in 1937.[2] The procedure is a dual-stage, eyelid-sharing surgery with the first stage. id reconstruction with the switch flap method was conducted at the Saga University Hospital between April 2000 and October 2014. The follow-up lasted for varying periods during which the preoperative and postoperative photographs were compared as well. Results: A total of 10 patients with upper eyelid tumors, that is, 7 sebaceous carcinoma, 2 squamous cell carcinoma, and 1 basal cell carcinoma. Conclusion: Mustarde advancement rotational cheek flap proved to be useful alternative for surgeons for reconstruction of large facial defects with minimal morbidity. It can definitely replace the other complex flaps in most instances. In this article, we report the use of Mustarde advancement rotational cheek flap to reconstruct the facial defect Ultimately, the patient opted for a variation of a Mustarde Flap. This flap had the advantage of being performed in a single stage while yielding a cosmetically pleasing result. Tissue from the lower eyelid, malar cheek and lateral aspect of the cheek were elevated and moved (advanced and rotated) centrally (Figure 3)

Mustardé flap lower lid reconstruction after malignanc

In general, postoperative complications include mismatched skin (in terms of color, texture, and thickness), bulgy appearance of an inappropriately large graft, pincushioning of the flap (trap door deformity), and retraction of the lateral eyelid, causing lateral lower-eyelid ectropion. 1-3 The risk for the latter complication increases as defects become larger and when the extent of lid. perichondrial flap with Furnas conchomastoid sutures that can be used with or without Mustarde sutures. 14 Additionally, Cihandide et al reported a distal perichondro-adipo-dermal flap, which is similar in composition to the flap described in the present study. However, a significant difference is tha

Mustarde flap for cheek reconstruction - YouTub

Dr. Kami Parsa performs a Mustarde Flap (Jumping Man) on a 3 year old with blepharophimosis syndrome in Amman, Jordan./nThe next procedure for this case would be a Ptosis Correction which can be viewed here:.. • The correction of epicanthus associated with blepharophimosis is a difficult surgical problem. Most commonly used techniques, such as the Mustardé technique, require meticulous measurements, and their theoretical geometric basis and flap designs are often confusing. We present the five-flap..

Lip and Cheek Reconstruction | Plastic Surgery Key

Mustarde rotational flap on Vime

Mustarde rotational flap - YouTub

A rotation flap is a curvilinear flap that closes a defect by a rotating the skin around a pivot point. A transposition flap is cut, lifted, and transferred over intervening tissue onto the defect. This type of flap is also referred to as a rhombic, bilobed, or nasolabial fold flap. And with an advancement flap, tissue is moved in a straight. Structural support for a Mustardé flap may be provided by a free tarsal conjunctival graft rather than a nasal septal cartilage mucosa graft. Late complications following the Hughes procedure include upper lid retraction and entropion. These may be minimized by removing Mueller's muscle from the flap at the time of the original dissection (A) Mustarde- flap. (B) the coverage of the tissue defect with Mustarde flap. (C) eyeball protection with a conjunctival flapwith eye closed. (D) association between forhead and genian flap. (E) coverage of the soft tissue postexcisional defect with a Mustarde flap. Results . The immediate postoperative course was favorable in all study cases The flap design for Zone 2 is also known as the Mustarde flap (Figures 5 and 6). Examples of Zone 1 defect repairs Case 1: Complete excision of lower eyelid for basal cell carcinoma and use of a cervicofacial flap to reconstruct cutaneous portion of lower eyelid (Figure 6 Mustarde cheek rotation flap. Lower eyelid defects involving the entire lower eyelid may be reconstructed using a Mustarde cheek rotation flap. This large skin muscle flap is rotated from the cheek to repair large lower eyelid defects. Incision begins at the lateral canthal angle, extends upward onto the temple, and swings posteriorly just.

Mustardé's epicanthoplasty Plastic Surgery Ke

Combination Mustarde-glabellar flap on Vime

Mustardé technique - Wikipedi

  1. • Hence conventional rotation flap are successful only in places where lax skin is present or a back cut is needed • Flap template employs tissue just adjacent to the triangulated defect thus ensures coverage of the defect and closure of the donor site 87. Mustarde lateral rotation flap 88. Double rotation o-to-z 89
  2. An inferior-to-superior V-Y advancement flap has also been described, but its use is often limited because of the perceived increased risk of ectropion. This study attempts to define this risk by investigating the incidence of postoperative ectropion between cervicofacial and V-Y flaps for the reconstruction of lid-cheek junction defects
  3. Cheek rotation (Mustarde) flap. 03 Jun, 2018 uploaded. emacs This narrated video demonstrates a cheek rotation flap for the reconstruction of a large periocular defect. This versatile flap can be used to reconstruct large defects in a wide range of locations in the periocular and upper cheek area 용의자 다운로드. This video explores the.
  4. Large portions of the upper (and lower) eyelid can be reconstructed with a narrow transposition flap that is raised above the eyebrow on a lateral pedicle. Thick split retroauricular skin grafts can also be used. Fig. 9.3 Mustarde's technique of upper eyelid reconstruction using a laterally based full-thickness flap from the lower lid (after Beyer-Machule and Riedel 1993)
  5. ing and it suspends with efficiency the Mustardé flap at the temporal area avoiding the.
  6. The Fricke flap is a temporally based monopedicle forehead transposition flap, first described by Jochim Fricke in 1829. 1 It can be used in the reconstruction of large lower lid, upper lid, and.
  7. ing of the cervicofacial skin. The rotation of the temporoparietal scalp in an opposite direction compared to the Mustardé flap or the 'Yin-Yang' rotation.

Mustarde flap (broad shallow full thickness marginal defect of 30-60) • Advantages • Lash continuity • Disadvantages • Two stage • May need tenzel flap to close donar site 40. Lateral Canthal Reconstruction 41. Lateral Canthal Reconstruction 42. Split finger flap reconstruction of medial canthus 43 The flap was then created through the use of sharp dissection. Hemostasis was achieved through the use of electrocautery. The flap was then rotated into the position to fill the defect on the tip of the nose and sutured along with inferior and medial aspects using interrupted sutures of 6-0 nylon. The secondary flap was then marked out with the. Certain surgical procedures, including the Cutler-Beard flap and Mustarde lid switch [1, 5], are available, but all these procedures have limitations. We have developed a new method that could provide a useful solution to this challenging problem for both large and moderate defects. Three cases are described to showcase this technique Alternatively, a Mustarde cheek rotation flap, similar to but larger than a Tenzel flap, can provide a larger anterior lamella replacement to reconstruct a larger lower eyelid defect. Proper lower eyelid height and support are necessary to prevent post-operative ectropion and retraction. One may choose to perform a temporary tarsorrhaphy (to.

lower eyelids using full thickness ear cartilage, mid forehead glabellar flap (performed by plastic surgeon), lateral canthoplasty, and skin graft for coverage from the midforehead flap. Code all procedures performed by the oculoplastic surgeon. Diagnosis: 1) Z85.89 Personal history of malignant neoplasm of other organs and system The cervicofacial flap was first described in 1969. For the past several years, it has been the flap of choice for the reconstruction of facial defects especially cheek defects. In recent years, with the advent of microvascular free flap tissue transfer, the use of a cervicofacial flap has been sparse. This article highlights the importance and application of locoregional flaps such as a.

Try before you buy. Get chapter 2 for free. Ideal for oculofacial, facial/cosmetic plastic, and dermatologic surgeons, the updated Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery brings together high-definition quality video and accompanying color atlas to help you master the latest reconstructive and cosmetic surgical procedures of the eyelid, lacrimal system, orbit, and face In this procedure, a rotating skin flap incorporating the lip commissure is created, mobilizing the lip tissue to replace the missing eyelid. The transposed oral mucosa is sutured to the conjunctiva, the lip commissure (now shorter but still functional) is closed, and the skin graft is then closed in a routine fashion (Figure 8) Flap advancement and donor-site closure in a V-Y fashion (c). (a) (b) (c) To increase flap's mobility it could be to the reconstruction of the eyelids Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences 1889 109 620 34 Mustarde J. C. Reconstruction of eyelids Annals of Plastic Surgery 1983 11 2 149 169 2-s2.0-0020966269. Introduction: lower lid malposition following malignancy surgery in infra- orbital area is often challenging and any way to reduce its chance is appreciated. Case presentation: 36 years old women with confirmed Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) of left cheek underwent tumor excision with free margins and remained skin defect reconstructed with adipocutaneous v-y advancement flap, which designed in a. Cartilage sparing Attwood and Evans 1985 52 Mustarde´ 0 4.6 NS 2.2 Tan 1986 45 Mustarde´ 24.4 15 NS 33 Rigg 1979 101 Mustarde´ and Furnas 2 11 NS NS Minderjahn et al. 1980 135 Mustarde´ 12.3 NS NS NS NS Adamson et al. 1991 55 Mustarde´ and Furnas 6.6 8.4 NS 0.8 NS, not significant. Vol. 108, No. 6 / POSTAURICULAR FASCIAL FLAP 148

Mustarde Cheek Rotation Flap for Lower Eyelid Repair

The ideal solution first recommended is the use of Abbé-Mustardé's flap with lower lid transposition to rebuild the total loss of the upper eyelid. Every step of the surgical technique has been detailed to improve the result and keep the drawbacks under control. After having read articles on this subject, we describe three clinical cases, which enable us to compare with others surgical. 13 new Cpt Code For Mustarde Flap results have been found in the last 90 days, which means that every 7, a new Cpt Code For Mustarde Flap result is figured out. As Couponxoo's tracking, online shoppers can recently get a save of 11% on average by using our coupons for shopping at Cpt Code For Mustarde Flap Mustarde's cheek rotation flap This flap is particularly useful for reconstruction in larger defects of the lower lid especially in long vertical defects. The flap is marked lateral to the defect Figure 3 (a-d):a) Squamous cell carcinoma of the right upper eyelid The Mustarde flap is a large, rotational, skin-muscle cheek flap that, if necessary can, be relied on to cover virtually any lower lid defect[13] ( Fig. 94-6 ). It may be considered a progression in size from the smaller Tenzel semicircular rotational flap. This flap is most useful for vertical, deep, medial, full-thickness lower lid defects

Cheek rotation (Mustarde) flap - Oculoplastic

The Mustarde flap, originally described in 1970, is a rotation advancement flap used classically for the repair of defects of the cheek, temple, and lower eyelid; Contemporary flaps, such as the cervicofacial advancement flap, are extended versions of the Mustarde flap Reconstruction with Ear Cartilage Graft, Buccal Mucosal Graft & Extended Mustarde' Advancement Flap. Skin Cancer Patient - Three. Front View. White Male with Nasal Defect following Slow Moh's Surgery. Recontruction with Local BiLobed Flap. Skin Cancer Patient - Four flap. But, they did not mention the importance of flap orientation as we considered. Sugg et al (2013) demonstrated that inferior-to-superior V-Y advancement flap for the reconstruction of lid-cheek junction defects was similar to the Mustardé flap for ectropion prevention. As., We know, weight of larger flaps in lower lid are Advancement Flap. My physician excised a malignant skin lesion from the left cheek measuring 2.0 cm. The defect was repaired with a rotational advancement flap with total primary and secondary defect area of 4.75 sq cm. I submitted my claim with CPT 14040 (advancement flap), 12052-51 (repair), and 11642-51 (malignant lesion excision)

Converse Flap for Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Narrative 1321. Thumbnails 1322. Discussion 542 : Mustarde Rotational Cheek Flap. Narrative 1325. Thumbnails 1326. Discussion 542 : Thyroid/Parathyroid : Thyroid Anatomy. Narrative 248. Thumbnails 406. Transparency QT: 119 KB 269 : Thyroid Cyst. Narrative 249. Thumbnail Mustarde flap ⠀⠀ 21 ⠀⠀ 0. video. Nasolabial propeller flap ⠀⠀ 18 ⠀⠀ 0. video. Radial thenar flap for thumb defect

Eyelid Reconstruction - EyeWik

(Mustarde) flap, while in a two-stage procedure, musculocutaneous of the upper eyelid (Tripier) flap or temporal transpositional (Fricke) flap can be used.1, 2 Complications such as ectropion, entropion and poor permanent lid support may arise if the reconstructed area o to employ tarsoconjunctival flap in lid reconstruction. Mustarde in 1980 outlined a system of upper eyelid reconstruction with lid switch flaps. Blaskowics reported the use of tarsal grafts. Kazanjian (1949) was the first to use an island flap for lid reconstruction. Fricke& Kreiberg described a transposition flap from the forehead for. An eccrine spiradenoma is also a blue tumor that can be painful. The basaloid cells within an eccrine spiradenoma are similar to glomus cells, however, the basaloid cells line eccrine sweat ducts rather than vessels. Clinical Pearl: Glomus tumors are benign solitary blue-red subungual circumscribed tender papules derived from modified smooth. Mustarde revolutionized his eponymous technique and pioneered in the flap defined by Cihandide et al does not need to use such sutures since this flap naturally creates a new antihelix by giving the surgeon the means to adjust the fascial flap pull-up force to the practitioner's preference. 4 We tried to form the antihelix by the ear's.

Modification of the Postauricular Fascial Flap in Mustardé

Landolt was the first to employ tarsoconjunctival flap in lid reconstruction. Mustarde in 1980 outlined a system of upper eyelid reconstruction with lid switch flaps. Blaskowics reported the use of tarsal grafts. Kazanjian (1949) was the first to use an island flap for lid reconstruction Hair Flap Surgery Repair - Patient Images and Video. Many individuals end up regretting their decision to undergo hair restoration using flap surgery. Here is an example of a former Juri flap patient who came to see Dr. Umar repair his unnatural-looking hairline using Follicular Unit Extraction I am getting stronger and stronger, and riding for longer periods of time. It is 100% based on your current fitness level, the leaderboard is purely for high-fives, you can go into it at any level and get something out of it. Lots of options. Don't be discouraged 18. Schaverien MV, Al-Busaidi S, Stewart KJ. Long-term results of posterior suturing with postauricular fascial flap otoplasty. JPRAS. 2010;63(9):1447-51. 19. Mashhadi S, Butler DP. A strategy for assessing otoplasty outcome intra-operatively. JPRAS. 2012;65(7):984-5. 20. Driessen JP, Borgstein JA, Vuyk HD. Defining the protruding ear

Mustarde Flap SpringerLin

The Tenzel flap is an advancement-rotation flap in which a semicircular skin-muscle flap is fashioned from the skin lateral to the lateral canthus, and which can be used for both upper and lower eyelids. McGregor devised a flap that adds a Z-plasty to the Mustarde cheek advancement flap for moderate defects of the lower eyelid chosen the advancement flap and grafting with jugal mucosa of the conjunctiva. (Figure 5) A 64-year-old male patient with nodular BCC affecting the external canthus of the left eye in the total thickness of the upper and lower eyelids. A Mustardé flap and a jugal mucos This flap is used for small to medium sized defects. A primary flap, about 75% of the diameter of the primary defect, is marked. A secondary flap is marked with a diameter of 50% to 60% of the primary flap ( Diag. 15.4 ). It should lie within an area of relatively relaxed skin

Mustarde continued a progression away from cartilage incisions by popularizing sutures placed from the scaphoid fossa to the concha to create an antihelical fold. The outlined flap is then elevated in a supraperichondrial plane, raising a robust posteromedially based skin flap. Postauricular skin flap for otoplasty with lobular extension Patient of Mr Vasu Karri: Lower eyelid reconstruction with a Mustarde cervicofacial flap & Hughes flap Excision of a large basal cell carcinoma (BCC) on the right lower eyelid and reconstruction with Mustarde cervicofacial flap, cartilage graft and 2-stage Hughes flap The Tripier flap was not used for the same reason that the graft was not pursued. The temple skin has often been used as a donor site for lower eyelid repair by employing a Mustarde advancement or rotation flap or a Tenzel flap. Another flap that could be used in this location is the extra‐nasal bilobed flap

Mustardé Flap Lower Lid Reconstruction after Malignancy

  1. ence is the commonest congenita
  2. Lip to lid flap. Axial pattern flaps such as superficial temporal axial pattern flap; caudal auricular axial pattern flap. Considerations when selecting a technique are: Always preserve eyelid closure--otherwise there is a significant risk of exposure keratitis developing. The upper eyelid margin has greater movement over the cornea than the.
  3. Read New Otoplasty Approach: A Laterally Based Postauricular Dermal Flap as an Addition to Mustarde and Furnas to Prevent Suture Extrusion and Recurrence, Aesthetic Plastic Surgery on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips
  4. actual adequate allow amount appearance applied attached attempt avoid become bone brought canthal ligament canthus carried cartilage cause Chapter cheek closed closure completely condition conjunctiva contraction cornea correction covered deep defect deformity described direct displaced divided ectropion edge effect excision eyebrow eyelids.
  5. [email protected] Araştırma Çıktıları | TR-Dizin | WoS | Scopus | PubMed; Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu; Öğe Göste
  6. Surgical treatment involved wide demolition of the centrofacial region followed by reconstruction using four locoregional flaps: an Indian flap and a Mustarde ́ flap were used for cutaneous reconstruction; a septal flap to support the maxillogenial region; a mucosal flap to separate the nasal cavities
  7. Conclusions: A bilobed mucosal flap is a safe and simple procedure, effectively performed to correct combined secondary deformities after primary cheleoplasty in unilateral cleft lip patient. It can be combined with other procedures like upper lip scar revision, repair muscular diastases, and correction of severe whistle deformity

Combination of Mustardè cheek advancement flap and

Conclusions: The hatchet flap with transposed nasal inset is an effective procedure to address defects involving the upper cheek, lower eyelid, and medial canthus. Incorporation of the nasal inset helps prevent distortion of the ala and facilitates closure of the flap donor site Revista cirugia plastica vol No1 2009 1-7 09:00 / 11:00 The paramedian forehead flap for alar defect - Cristina Magnoni, Roland Kaufmann. 11:00 / 11:30 Coffee Break . 11:30 / 13:30 Eyelid part I: Wedge excision, canthotomy and canthoplasty - Cristina Magnoni, Bertrand Richert. 13:30 / 14:30 Lunc

í ì l í ô l î ì í õ í 2fxoridfldo &rglqj 6xh 9lffkulool &27 2&6 2&65 'luhfwru &rglqj dqg 5hlpexuvhphqw)lqdqfldo 'lvforvxuh , kdyh qr ilqdqfldo lqwhuhvw ru uhodwlrqvklsv wr glvforv Performed by urologists and paediatric surgeons, hypospadias procedures go unnoticed in many classical treatises of plastic surgery. Hypospadias is a very common malformation that occurs in nearly 1 in 250 male births. It consists of an abnormal opening of the urethral meatus at some point of its dorsal aspect. It is associated with an incomplete, semi‐circumferential foreskin and in nearly. Depending on the involvement of the horizontal eyelid margin, several techniques have been used for the reconstruction of full-thickness eyelid defects [1-4].These include Tenzel semicircular rotation flap, free tarsoconjunctival graft and Mustarde cheek rotation flap and the one being studied here, the tarsoconjunctival flap advancement (Hughes procedure) By leveraging the robust periocular vascular plexus and defying traditional guidelines governing pedicle formation and rotation, it permits creation of a local flap in cases where skin grafts or extensive Mustarde-style flaps might otherwise be required.The flip-back myocutaneous flap offers a novel alternative to skin grafting or more.

The Use of Composite Flaps in the Management of Large Full

  1. The flap was elevated on its vascular pedicle (Figure 4F) and tunneled under the remaining lateral canthal skin to form the anterior lamella of the upper eyelid. The reconstructed upper and lower eyelids were secured together, leaving a small central palpebral aperture (Figure 4G). A drain was placed in the forehead
  2. larger defects often require a local flap [2,3]. The cheek advancement flap is one of the workhorses in the reconstruc-tion of larger defects in the cheek area. It was first described by Beare [4] in 1969 and later fine-tuned and popularised by Mustarde[5,6] and Schrudde [7,8]. At the Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, the Netherlands
  3. Abstract. Microcystic adnexal carcinoma is a rare, locally aggressive neoplasm with both eccrine and follicular differentiation and a high probability of perineural invasion of the centrofacial region
  4. and CPT coding guidelines for topics such as: tissue expander, pedicle flap, pressure ulcer, skin grafts, nail avulsion and excision, scar revision, burn treatment, lesion excisions, wound repair, adjacent tissue transfer/rearrangement, breast surgery, free flaps with microvascular anastomosis
  5. The V-Y flap was the flap most commonly used (29 cases, corresponding to 42.6%), followed by primary closure with or without canthotomy (17 cases, 25%) and Tripier flap (8 cases, 11.8%) (Table 1). Among the cases that underwent reconstructions with the V-Y flap, 15 patients were women and 14 were men. The average age was 69.6 years (31 to 95.
Reconstruction of cheek skin defects by the ‘Yin-Yang

The Hughes tarsoconjunctival flap. This requires a second operation, with the eye remaining covered in the interval between operations. It must be combined with a graft or flap for reconstruction of the anterior lamella. The defect in our patient was too large to use tissue from the upper eyelid.-The Mustardé cheek rotation flap CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Cheek rotation flaps 1-3 are used to reconstruct lower eyelids. After rotating the flap, the suture line on the cheek is not aligned with a relaxed skin tension line, and postoperative scars that intersect the margin of the lower eyelid at angles close to 90 ˚ may cause downward contractures of the lower eyelid The skin flap measured 10 x 4 cm and a plastic barrier was interposed between the flap and donor site. After the operative procedure, animals of all groups were maintained anesthetized one more hour with electrodes positioned in the base of the flap and submitted to treatment according of their respective group. Mustarde Flap. En. Conclusions: This method of surgery can be effective in the young, in whom the Mustarde cheek advancement fails, or when there is little available unburnt tissue. It can be used as an alternative to a forehead flap when both upper and lower eyelids are damaged bilaterally. The split forehead flap definitively corrected the ectropion in this case

Comparing Rates of Distal Edge Necrosis in Deep-Plane vsUpper Eyelid Reconstruction Procedures Treatment