Home

The viewing transformation is the combination of which Transformation

The Viewing Transformation The viewing transformation can be broken down into two pieces, the camera-to-screen projection and the screen-to-raster projection. The camera-to-screen projection flattens the 3-D world onto the 2-D screen. The screen-to-raster projection maps every point on the screen onto some output pixel Perhaps one of the least understood sections of the RenderMan Interface Specification is the viewing transformation. Hidden among the calls to RiScreenWindow, RiFrameAspectRatio and others are the keys to getting your intended camera view onto the pixels of a display device α,n,f is commonly referred to as the viewing transformation and is developed below. Development of the Matrix The viewing transformation A α,n,f is not a combination of simple translations, rotations, scales or shears: its development is more complex. First, we motivate the development of the projection portio The viewing transformation is the operation that maps a perspective view of an object in world coordinates into a physical device's display space. In general, this is a complex operation which is best grasped intellectually by the typical com-puter graphics technique of dividing the operation into a concatenation of sim-pler operations This is commonly referred to as the viewing transformation. In practice this is mathematically equivalent to a camera transformation but more efficient because model transformations and camera transformations are concatenated to a single matrix

The viewing transformation can be broken down into two pieces, the camera-to-screen projection and the screen-to-raster projection. The camera-to-screen projection flattens the 3-D world onto the 2-D screen. The screen-to-raster projection maps every point on the screen onto some output pixel Such transformation is called a combination of transformations. After a combination of transformations, the change from the single object to the final image can be described by a single transformation. Let R 1 be a transformation which maps a point P to the point P' and R 2 be another transformation which maps P' to the point p''

1 Introduction to 3D viewing 3D is just like taking a photograph! Viewing Transformation Position and orient your camera Projection Transformation Control the lens of the camera Project the object from 3D world to 2D screen Viewing Transformation (2) Important camera parameters to specify Camera (eye) position (Ex,Ey,Ez) in world coordinat Transformations, which are represented by matrix multiplication, include modeling, viewing, and projection operations. Such operations include rotation, translation, scaling, reflecting, orthographic projection, and perspective projection. Generally, you use a combination of several transformations to draw a scene One transformation can be followed by one or more further transformations. The resultant transformation may be mappable by a single transformation.. Some transformations are readily combined: for example, a translation followed by a further translation can be replaced by a single translation (the single translation is called the resultant vector); and a reflection in one axis followed by a. A is a transformation for translation. The B transformation performs scaling. The combination of two is C=AB. So C is obtained by concatenation property. There are two complementary points of view for describing object transformation. Geometric Transformation: The object itself is transformed relative to the coordinate system or background

The viewing transformation is the calculations for viewing the model (positioning the viewpoint so that you view the model from the orientation and position your desire). You could also use the combination of glScale*(), glRotate*() and glTranslate*() for viewing transformations. The following discussion explains how this approach works Define transformation. transformation synonyms, transformation pronunciation, transformation translation, English dictionary definition of transformation. a transformation that is a combination of single transformations such as translation or than which nothing, I reflected, could better have expressed his frank view of the abrupt. Combination of Transformations. If the point P is transformed by the transformation R1 to the point 'p' is again transformed by the transformation R2 to the point P, then the transformation which maps the point P to p is said to be the combined transformation of R1 and R2. It is denoted by R2 .R1. The transformation R2.R. is also written as. Viewing transformation Udayan Gupta Assistant Systems Engineer Follow 0 Comments 2 Likes Statistics Notes Full Name. Comment goes here. 12 hours ago Delete Reply Block. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Your message goes here Post. Be the first to comment. jam waqas. 1 year ago. 1. Devise a test whether a given 3 3 transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates is a rigid body transformation in 2 dimensions. We can test whether a given matrix M is a rigid body transformation in 2 dimen-sions by observing the action on the basis vectors and the origin. First, the resultin

The view transformation locates the viewer in world space, transforming vertices into camera space. In camera space, the camera, or viewer, is at the origin, looking in the positive z-direction. Recall that Direct3D uses a left-handed coordinate system, so z is positive into a scene. The view matrix relocates the objects in the world around a. The Radical Transformation of Diversity and Inclusion: The Millennial Influence is the first research report to come from our ground-breaking collaboration. In this study, we examine generational views of diversity and inclusion and their impact on innovation, engagement, and creativity and other business outcomes

Viewing transformation. The orthographic projection is a simple way to convert from 3D into 2D, simply remove or ignore the z-coordinate, leaving the x & y coordinates of a vertex on the x-y plane. However if we want to view and project the scene from various different positions and orientations we need to move and rotate our scene so that the. Window to View-Port Transformation is the transformation from world to device coordinates. It is actually a combination of many transformations. It basically involves translation, scaling, rotation transformations. It also requires methods to delete those portions of the scene which are outside the selected display area To shorten this process, we have to use 3×3 transformation matrix instead of 2×2 transformation matrix. To convert a 2×2 matrix to 3×3 matrix, we have to add an extra dummy coordinate W. In this way, we can represent the point by 3 numbers instead of 2 numbers, which is called Homogenous Coordinate system

The Viewing Transformation - Pixa

UNIT-1 : 2D AND 3D TRANSFORMATION & VIEWING 2D Transformation Transformation means changing some graphics into something else by applying rules. We can have various types of transformations such as translation, scaling up or down, rotation, shearing, etc. When a transformation takes place on a 2D plane, it is called 2D transformation This is an advanced version of the Transformation Technique, where two or more users combine into one form in order to gain that form's physical abilities. Because there is more than one user involved, some of the prep work can be split between users, such as by having one provide the chakra while another performs the hand seals.2 The Combination Transformations that have been seen in the. GL_MODELVIEW matrix is a combination of Model and View matrices (). Model transform is to convert from object space to world space. And, View transform is to convert from world space to eye space. Note that there is no separate camera (view) matrix in OpenGL More specifically, the camera is always located at the eye space coordinate (0.0, 0.0, 0.0). To give the appearance of moving the camera, your OpenGL application must move the scene with the inverse of the camera transformation by placing it on the MODELVIEW matrix. This is commonly referred to as the viewing transformation

Viewing transformation. The orthographic projection is a simple way to convert from 3D into 2D, simply remove or ignore the z-coordinate, leaving the x & y coordinates of a vertex on the x-y plane. However if we want to view and project the scene from various different positions and orientations we need to move and rotate our scene so that the. Introduction The viewing transformation is the operation that maps a perspective view of an object in world coordinates into a physical device's display space. In general, this is a complex operation which is best grasped intellectually by the typical com- puter graphics technique of dividing the operation into a concatenation of sim- pler. The equation for is derived in a similar fashion.. 6 C Programs to Compute the Viewing Transformation. In this section we give some C program fragments to illustrate algorithms for computation of the 3D viewing transformation which transforms world coordinates to eye coordinates

Module 3: Unit 4 Transformations II110 If A(S) = S´ and B(S´) = S˝ then BA(S) = S˝ and BA is equivalent to a reflection in the line with equation x = -y. Self mark exercise 1 1. A is the transformation reflect in the line with equation x = 4 B is the transformation reflect in the line with equation x = 2 a) Copy S on squared grid paper and find the single transformation Viewing transformation Clipping lines & polygons Angel Chapter 5 Getting Geometry on the Screen • Transform to camera coordinate system • Transform (warp) into canonical view volume • Clip • Project to display coordinates • (Rasterize) Given geometry in the world coordinate system The algorithm for model, view, and projection transformation. For more information on view and projection transformations, please refer to chapter 7 Toward the 3D World in WebGL Programming Guide or the books and tutorials listed on this page Users. This technique is a specialty of the Inuzuka clan. The Inuzuka and their ninken companion perform the Combination Transformation to take the shared form of a two-headed wolf. Because of the transformation's size, its strong claws, and its two sets of fangs, its standard attacks are quite powerful. This is especially true of any other.

Viewing transformation Local (Object)Local (Object) Modeling WldS Space transformation World Space Viewing transformation Clip Space Eye Space Projection transformation Perspective divide NDC space Viewport mapping Screen space Normaldlized Device Coordinates. Projection Transformation Viewing Transformation: One of the most important operations in rendering is the projection of a a three-dimensional scene onto a two-dimensional screen from an arbitrary camera position. A fundamental part of this operation is the specification of a viewing transformation, a $ 4 \times 4$ matrix that transforms a region of space into image space Viewing teacher transformation through the lens of cultural-historical activity theory By: Ian D. Beatty and Allan Feldman Beatty, I. D. & Feldman, A. (2012). Viewing teacher transformation through the lens of cultural-historical activity theory. Education as Change 16(2) 283-300. Made available courtesy of Taylor & Francis

Viewing and Transformations - OpenGL Wik

  1. g 2D world-coordinate objects to device coordinates. Objects inside the world or clipping window are mapped to the viewport which is the area on the screen where world coordinates are mapped to be displayed
  2. g digital masters, while others fall behind. Leadership capability is the ability to envision and drive organizational change in systematic and profitable ways
  3. THE HEART AND SPIRITUAL TRANSFORMATION The source of good and evil in human life is the human 'heart. of our natural human abilities what we can - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 22d06-MTNj
  4. A user may want to view this output key figure internal non-stockout probability in conjunction with recommended safety stock key figure in an excel planning view using the Product and Location (representing the target location) attribute combination. Without attribute transformation, the two options to achieve this is shown in Image 2 below

What is viewing transformation? - Ques1

  1. Aim To characterise combinations of multimodal imaging risk factors and predictive value for choroidal nevus transformation into melanoma. Methods This is a retrospective review of multimodal imaging features for 3806 choroidal nevi from 1 January 2007 through 1 January 2017. Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression analyses were used to calculate 5-year percentages of growth to melanoma and HR
  2. Netflix's new recommendation engine uses customers' viewing, search, scroll, and ratings data as well as time, date, and the device being used to predict what a viewer will be interested in watching. This is layered on top of the content, which has been tagged with metadata to find similarities among pieces of content. As of 2014, Netflix.
  3. Nashville, Tenn. & Sunnyvale, Calif., May 26, 2021 - HCA Healthcare, Inc. (NYSE:HCA), one of the nation's leading healthcare providers, and Google Cloud today announced a multi-year strategic partnership that plans to build on HCA Healthcare's innovative use of information technology to accelerate the digital transformation taking place within the company
  4. Edge computing: The state of the next IT transformation. The combination of billions of IoT devices and 5G networks is set to drive a profound change in the way computing workloads are deployed.
  5. As explained in Open ODS View based on a Transformation and DataSource, in terms of query performance it is important to check which fields of the DataSource can handle filters.In the following we discuss this point with the help of an example(BW75 system) and we also take a closer look at some technical details(and useful breackpoints) which might be of general interest when it is about.
  6. Aim: To characterise combinations of multimodal imaging risk factors and predictive value for choroidal nevus transformation into melanoma. Methods: This is a retrospective review of multimodal imaging features for 3806 choroidal nevi from 1 January 2007 through 1 January 2017. Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression analyses were used to calculate 5-year percentages of growth to melanoma.

Combination of Transformations Notes, Videos, QA and

Studio Series Dark Of The Moon Megatron, Jetfire, WWII

Chapter 3 - OpenGL Programming Guid

In combination, low cultivation temperature and heat shock act synergistically and increased the transformation efficiency by four orders of magnitude to 2.5 × 10 6 cfu μg −1 xenogeneic DNA. The method was used to generate gene disruptions in C. glutamicum Mining has played a crucial role in South Africa's economy for the best part of two centuries. And while it may not play as big a role as it once did, it still contributed R400-billion to GDP in. Perform a scaling transformation using a fixed-point position of (xw min, yw min) that scales the window area to the size of the viewport. 2. Translate the scaled window area to the position of the viewport. Relative proportions of objects are maintained if the scaling factors are the same (sx = sy) Inside IKEA's Digital Transformation. A Q&A with Barbara Martin Coppola, IKEA Retail's chief digital officer. Employees search for Click & Collect goods ordered online for contactless pickup. resultTransform = perspectiveTrans * cameraTrans * modelTrans; where: perspectiveTrans = applies only a perspective projection transformation. cameraTrans = is a combination of rotate,translate matrices that affect all obj.s in the scene. modelTrans =is the transformation that is applied to the models. Matrix4X4.cpp file

Combination of Transformation

Computer Graphics Introduction of Transformation - javatpoin

  1. Targeted Therapy Triplet Shows Promise in R/R Richter's Transformation and De Novo DLBCL. April 21, 2021. Anthony Mato, MD, MSCE, discusses the use of a triplet combination of the novel Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor DTRMWXHS-12, the mTOR inhibitor, everolimus, and the IMiD pomalidomide for the treatment of relapsed/refractory Richter's.
  2. The series combination seems to behave identically to the parallel combination. This suggests that we may, in the right circumstances, replace one configuration for the other. Making this switch is known as a source transformation. V S R S I S I S = V S/R S R P R P = R S I S R P V S R S V S = I SR P R S = R
  3. The star transformation improves performance by fetching only relevant fact rows that join to the constraint dimension rows. In some cases, queries have restrictive filters on other columns of the dimension tables. The combination of filters can dramatically reduce the data set that the database processes from the fact table

CS405 Lab 3: Matrix Transformation - University of Regin

  1. d.. The word transformed is the same Greek word as in 2 Corinthians 3:18. In 2 Corinthians 3 transformation is by the Lord Spirit, while in Romans 12 transformation takes place in.
  2. Digital transformation is the process of using digital technologies to create new — or modify existing — business processes, culture, and customer experiences to meet changing business and market requirements. This reimagining of business in the digital age is digital transformation. It transcends traditional roles like sales, marketing.
  3. Spiritual transformation is the process by which Christ is formed in us for the glory of God, for the abundance of our own lives, and for the sake of others. (Galatians 4:19; Romans 8:29; Romans 12:1, 2) The possibility that human beings can be transformed to such an extent that they image Christ is central to the message of the gospel and.
  4. This is an open label, single arm, phase II investigator initiated clinical trial, evaluating efficacy and safety of Polatuzumab vedotin added to a modified infusional dose adjusted R-EPOCH like regimen, given on an inpatient basis, every 21 days, in subjects with Richter's Transformation
  5. Griffith's experiment, reported in 1928 by Frederick Griffith, was the first experiment suggesting that bacteria are capable of transferring genetic information through a process known as transformation. Griffith's findings were followed by research in the late 1930s and early 40s that isolated DNA as the material that communicated this genetic information
  6. By implementing bird's eye view transformation technique we increase the scope of extracting information from images. Different perspective view is one of the key requirements in W SN image based monitoring s ystems. This paper discusses a simple perspective transform technique to generate a Bird's Eye View

Transformation - definition of transformation by The Free

The 'Game of Thrones' actor Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson reveals body transformation after losing 110 pounds for boxing debut. Zac Ntim. 2021-05-19T10:05:11Z The letter F. An envelope. It indicates the ability to send an email. A stylized bird with an open mouth, tweeting. Twitter. A ghost. Snapchat. A stylized letter F.. Standard 6.2 For Americas (NCWest) servers, see tab NA 6.2 instead. ★,Normal / Common / C,Source: Contacts used in combination,Chance % Same Rarity,Chance % Higher Rarity,Chance % Lower Rarity,Odds of getting 2★ contract for each extra 1★ contract (1 in),Transformation\\client_transform_co.. All the given statements are true according to the window port in computer graphics. Question 5: The viewport is an area expressed in rendering device specific coordinates, e.g. pixels for screen coordinates, in which the objects of interest are going to be rendered. Based upon the above statement, determine whether it is true or false. True 3. Transformation-Grounded View Synthesis Novel view synthesis could be seen as a combination of the following three scenarios: 1) pixels in the input view that remain visible in the target view aremovedto their cor-responding positions; 2) remaining pixels in the input view disappear due to occlusions; and 3) previously unseen pix Abstract: Recent gait recognition systems often suffer from the challenges including viewing angle variation and large intra-class variations. In order to address these challenges, this paper presents a robust View Transformation Model for gait recognition. Based on the gait energy image, the proposed method establishes a robust view transformation model via robust principal component analysis

Grade 10 Optional Mathematics Transformation Kullab

• View port: This is a rectangular region of the screen which is selected for displaying the object. In other words we can say that view port is part of computer screen. • Window to Viewport Mapping- Mapping of a part of a world coordinate scene to device coordinate is referred to as a viewing transformation Consider the linear transformation T from R2 to R* given by [lvi +-1v2] Ov1 + - 1v2 Lovi + -1v2] 2 Let F = (f1, f2) be the ordered basis R2 in given by fi = and let H = (h1, h2, h3) be the ordered basis in Rgiven by -- [1--E)--[8] [-2] -1, h2= [-1] -2, h3 = 1-1 [0 -2 ] . hi = 1-2 Determine T(fi) T(fi) = and T(f2) T(f2) = Express T(fi) and T(12) as linear combinations of hi, h2, h3: T(fi. For example, if the affine transformation acts on the plane and if the determinant of is 1 or −1 then the transformation is an equiareal mapping. Such transformations form a subgroup called the equi-affine group. A transformation that is both equi-affine and a similarity is an isometry of the plane taken with Euclidean distance HR as a Strategic Partner in Transformation and Growthby Dr. Gregory PrastacosDean, School of Business. It is widely agreed that people are a company's most important asset and a source of competitive advantage. This is especially true in today's dynamically changing knowledge-intensive economy, in which organizations seek transformation and. Center for Digital Transformation. strategy, education, business. and partner outreach. Photo Credit: Robotic telescope and combination of images from the 4 cameras on the TESS satellite - NASA Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS

Viewing transformation - SlideShar

The Model, View and Projection matrices are a handy tool to separate transformations cleanly. You may not use this (after all, that's what we did in tutorials 1 and 2). But you should. This is the way everybody does, because it's easier this way. This transformation is done in hardware, and is not visible in the shader Transformation: a marked change in form, nature or appearance. We recognize a transformation when we see it, and in a changing business world, the ability to transform is fundamental to long term survival. Recognising transformation is very different to delivering transformation. The purposeful act of transformational change is a complex. Transformation Realized can also help you mitigate constant threats and remain relevant while developing the capacity for continuous business reinvention and innovation. EY has the breadth of capabilities, experience and technologies and a proven track record to turn transformation ambitions into reality. From strategists to designers and. Written by: Tina Arceo-Dumlao The necessary but painful quarantine restrictions put in place to contain the spread of COVID-19 have accelerated the pace of digital transformation of Filipin From this point of view Transformation in Christ is a much needed spiritual medicine. It will inevitably sharpen our sense for the supernatural and reawaken the deep longing which exists in every human heart for what is above. Indeed, this was the call that St. Paul addressed to us: Seek the things that are above

Given a vector space [math](\mathbf{V}, \mathbb{F}, +, \cdot)[/math], a linear combination is an expression of the form [math]\sum_{i = 1}^n \alpha_i \mathbf{v}_i. The SAP HANA Transformation (5) and (6) is only a single object, in fact. I included it twice in the picture to illustrate that the SAP HANA Transformation (6) is based on the definition of the BW transformation (1) and will be used (5) from the DTP. Figure 2.3 provides a more detailed view of the generated SAP HANA Transformation Tackling developer talent shortage is key to digital transformation acceleration. There are technologies that can decrease strain on developers. As millions of businesses increase their digitalisation efforts across the globe, the demand for talented developers continues to surge dramatically - creating both a burgeoning skills gap and job.

View Transformation Microsoft Doc

Microsoft Digital has begun eliminating data silos in favor of a single, unified source of trusted, connected enterprise data. This digital transformation replaces legacy systems and lays the foundation for deep insights and intelligent experiences for our customers, partners, and employees. Learn how we built Modern Data Foundations to democratize data access at Microsoft and power a new. 2D Transformation in Computer Graphics Objective Type Questions and Answers for competitive exams. These short objective type questions with answers are very important for Board exams as well as competitive exams. These short solved questions or quizzes are provided by Gkseries

Urgency without clarity can be a risky combination. P&G digital transformation alum and author of Why Digital Transformations Fail, Tony Saldanha put it this way: The biggest challenge in today's world is the language related to digital transformation. The term has been co-opted by every IT marketing person selling anything from an. Better rail services with digital transformation. With a wide range of digital solutions - including its Smart Rail ICT architecture, AirFlash 5G Microwave enterprise solution and Urban Rail Cloud platform - Huawei is supporting the rail industry in its efforts to digitalise, particularly in the areas of connectivity, cloud infrastructure. Here they are: 1. Create an integrated strategy with clear transformation goals. Only 40% of companies create a truly integrated strategy that can be translated into specific actions embedded in an actionable business roadmap that addresses use cases and technology, people and organisational capabilities. 2 Dedicated teams to lead digital transformation. The first step in the digital transformation of Siloam Hospitals was the consolidation of data. Tedjomulja said they created a sole department to oversee this process which has led to the connection of all its 40 hospitals through one single system

Digital transformation (DT) has become a buzzword, triggering different disciplines in research and influencing practice, which leads to independent research streams. Scholars investigate the antecedents, contingencies, and consequences of these disruptive technologies by examining the use of single technologies or of digitization, in general. Approaches are often very specialized and. all viewing rays are parallel to the third coordinate axis. Figure 1 illustrates the transformation from object space to sheared object space for a parallel projection. We assume the volume is sampled on a rectilinear grid. The horizontal lines in the figure represent slices of the volume data viewed in cross-section

A digital transformation strategy is a detailed plan for how your business will address key challenges created by the convergence of the physical, digital, and human worlds. Digital transformation is, in and of itself, a broad business strategy. Developing a roadmap for short- and long-term digital transformation, guided by business outcomes. In brief. Retail banking is facing a watershed: the threat of disruption by innovators with leading-edge technology and a strong sense of purpose. Our Purpose-Driven Banking 2021 report examines banks' purpose-driven strategy and quantifies its potential to help them win in a changing market. We find positive correlations between purpose.

The next day I outpaced Ohio Mum 43 and Spin City Sarah and finished ahead of both of them, like an urban indoor hero. I don't want to brag, but I'm forced to - I'm now regularly top of. A recently described rapid maize transformation method (Lowe et al. 2018) was used to assess the effect of 13 different ORI-by-ORI combinations (as listed in Table 3) on maize transformation. The accessory plasmid pPHP71539 was critical for developing rapid maize transformation technology with high transformation frequency in multiple difficult. How Microsoft Embraced Data Transformation « VIEW FULL LIST OF PODCASTS. FEATURING: Karthik Ravindran, GM, Enterprise Data at Microsoft Data is the foundation for the entire digital transformation process, allowing organizations to make better real-time decisions and enable the movement from being product-led to being experience-led organizations A recent survey of directors, CEOs, and senior executives found that digital transformation (DT) risk is their #1 concern in 2019. Yet 70% of all DT initiatives do not reach their goals.Of the $1. Apply soon: The last few program offerings reached capacity. Program Overview Digital transformation in health care is happening at an increasingly rapid pace. The current global health care crisis is only bolstering the need for technology to provide meaningful solutions. Digital health technologies can make it more convenient for a patient to make an appointment

Viewing Transformatio

Digital transformation is a process, a gradual development of digital models and strategies that gain momentum over time. Organizations are allowed to make mistakes as they navigate the transformational waters and find their footing, but those who continually fail to transform, digitally or otherwise, are destined to sink, much as Sears did LEEDS, United Kingdom (PRWEB) May 18, 2021. WordSynk, an industry first all-in-one language platform, has been at the heart of thebigword's transformation. The platform combines all services, from translation through to transcription and interpreting within one language technology platform. The company's mission is for WordSynk to become. Throughout the Covid-19 pandemic, software companies big and small enthused about the benefits of digital transformation, with the shift to working from home boosting software spending, in. Combinations of Transformations. The three basic transformations that can be applied to a shape are as follows: 1. Translation. A translation moves or slides an image. The image can be translated up or down, right or left

Window to View-Port Transformation, easy with solved exampl

And Transformation Toward A Theory Of Change In Organization And Management Ballinger Series On Innovation And Organizational Change Emphasizing inner freedom does not underestimate the value of external freedom (i.e., rights and liberties). However, it suggests that the heart of transformation is an inner freedom that may, in turn, Page 48/5 The College explains how private boundaries manifest throughout a spectrum of persona sorts, from inflexible, porous, and wholesome. Individuals with inflexible private boundaries usually tend to have few shut relationships. They'll probably preserve most individuals at a secure distance, even these they're romantically concerned with Click on to view a full-size model in a brand new tab. From early February 2021, state elections (in West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Puducherry) 18 dominated the dialog (see determine 2). Subsequent, we carried out an identical evaluation that allowed for matter prevalence to vary throughout media retailers (see determine 3)

Conceptual Marketing Corporation - ANALYSIS INFORMATION